What is exploratory testing?

Research testing is an approach to software testing, which emphasizes the work of the tester without a pre-prepared script, the freedom of the tester to choose the path that they consider important. They are authorized to choose what to focus on and how to test, so tests are carried out in potentially problematic areas. Test design, exact test steps, and expected results for exploratory testing are not predetermined. In this way, while testers with scripts check only what they are told - our testers carry out a full and close to real conditions test.

Such an approach to testing appreciates the experience, intelligence, creativity, knowledge, and even intuition because it allows you to see the whole picture and find a solution for each component of the project. Our testers are exempted from documenting their steps, which allows them to do only what they know best. Of course, this doesn’t mean that testers do everything they like. This approach is not a random clicking, but it allows you to take a more holistic approach to the design, execution, and analysis of tests.


Exploratory Testing Benefits

Exploratory testing provides an opportunity to explore the scenarios associated with the devices and platforms that they use. This allows testers to look for all possible problems and issues associated with the software platform. The exploratory testers take into account the problems of each browser, operating system version, hardware configuration, and many other factors. Other benefits of exploratory testing include:

Testing speed due to lack of documentation. Such testing methodology requires less documentation, what’s why testers are able to start experimenting sooner.

Dynamic feedback through a focus on problem areas. This can give developers much-needed input on product quality or possible issues on an ongoing and more immediate basis.

They find critical errors because they don’t follow the plan and squeeze everything out of the problem areas. Scripted tests are limited to some degree by confirmation bias.


Exploratory Testing Techniques

Exploratory testing supports the release of top-notch software in ways beyond the scope of laboratory testing. Testing takes place in real conditions, in which users use it. The fact that an application or software works inside your office does not guarantee that it will work everywhere. Your product can be used at home, at work, on the go or with the spotty Internet. Why exploratory testing methods are aimed at identifying: Product purpose Primary functions Areas of potential instability

Then comes the actual testing of each function without wasting time exploring every possible path. An excellent tester will delve deeper into identifying problems that are difficult to find, basing himself on his acquaintance with everything that could go wrong. Testers focus on how users can interrupt, damage, emergency shut down, bend or break the system. However, preliminary testing is not just speculation, it is a result-oriented action.

Exploratory Testing in Agile

A fast-paced, flexible environment is based on quick response and adaptation. Comprehensive automated testing is difficult to complete in a short time. It is more used when it is too early to apply test automation. The exploratory testing methodology does not require full documentation. Testers can examine the product is still under development and have represented information about its functionality. The tester can design and test at the same time. This is a creative kind of testing that is flexible. This methodology includes continuous refinement and improvement. Exploratory testers are also well suited for a flexible team that is generally modest and inactive (at least in terms of meeting deadlines). In the end, this type of tester is able to quickly switch directions, think creatively and turn as needed when requirements or priorities change.

Identifying the Best Exploratory Testers

In the same way, preliminary testing does not come down to randomization. We also select employees intuitively, but intuitively. What is an ideal exploratory tester? Main attributes that are looking for IO:

Inquisitive: Exploratory testing is not predetermined, so best exploratory testers should want to know what is situated behind this button and that does each function. They should encourage themselves to check various parts of the website or application. They should be in anticipation of what is around the bend, to explore all the nooks and crannies.

Flexibility - good exploratory testers can not only look for problems but also test already found ones. E If the investigation of a particular piece of software leads to error, they should be able to create new tests to find new problems and their root. The exploratory tester is able to determine the very essence of the error, or at least limit its influence, which facilitates the task of eliminating it for the developer.

Great communicator. Without wasting your time, excellent testers are responsible for explaining the final result. Top exploratory testers know when to use words, when to use screenshots, and when to shoot videos. They take into account the work of the people who will use their work: developers, quality assurance specialists and product managers, and offer the key information that these people need to do their job specifically.

Exploratory Testing with Buglance

If exploratory testing reveals the full potential of each tester, it makes sense to turn to crowd testers. They will allow you to take advantage of the wisdom of the crowd. You received benefits of exploratory testing counterbalanced the amount of work the crowd to check every corner. We can quickly use dozens or hundreds of different testers.